• Description

As the new Rockefeller philanthropies of the 1910s and 1920s sought to meet their general goal of improving the well-being of mankind, they soon faced the challenge of how best to help people in Soviet Russia, a nation experiencing serious social and political upheaval. As foundation officers examined and discussed the needs of Soviet society, they wrote about its political organization and ideology - a departure from an evolving approach to philanthropic administration devoid of overt political calculation.