I visited the Rockefeller Archive Center twice, in March and May 2009, as part of my doctoral research on Chinese women's relief efforts during the War of Resistance, 1937-45. I became interested in the collection at the RAC because of its potential in shedding light on major nursing personnel and nursing training programs during the war years in China. The history of the administrative and institutional growth of the Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) has received academic attention both in China and in the U.S., but very little has been written exclusively on the School of Nursing and its graduates. The Rockefeller Foundation and its major investment in China, the PUMC, played a most crucial role in developing modern nursing in the first half of the twentieth century. Many PUMC graduates played leading roles on both sides of the Taiwan straits. This research report, however, will 2 only investigate major PUMC nursing graduates and their medical adventures in southwest China during the War of Resistance, a relatively short period in history but a profound epoch in modern China.