A revolution occurred in American medical education at the end of the ninteenth century. Practically overnight the country's medical school facilities became obsolete, and medical colleges constructed new buildings to support the modern curriculum. My dissertation, "Modernizing the American Medical School, 1893-1940: Architecture, Pedagogy, Professionalization, and Philanthropy," provides the first comprehensive examination of the medical schools erected during this transition. Establishing four medical school building types, the dissertation understands these designs as active participants in a number of cultural dialogues. The General Education Board, established by John D. Rockefeller Sr. in 1903, served as a driving force in the rebuilding of American medical school facilities by offering direct financial assistance to many construction campaigns. The Rockefeller Archive Center contains significant resources related to the architecture of the buildings and the decisions that surrounded their design and construction.