• Description

Much of the history of American sciences in the mid-twentieth century has focused on the triumph of "big science," based on the combination of federal funding, vast increases in the scale of instrumentation and experimentation, and the alliance of universities with agencies of government, particularly the military. This approach documents the vast and clearly consequential changes in American sciences that are necessary for understanding the creation of what President Dwight Eisenhower called the "military-industrial complex," the space program, and the deep technological infrastructure that underpins most advanced science today. But it virtually ignores the education of the scientists themselves -- without whom, after all, there would be no science.