One day in the summer of 2005, I was searching books on the subject of public health at the National Library in Beijing. The only author who popped up on the computer screen was John B. Grant. I was disappointed to find that few American libraries contain Grant's writings on public health. Grant was an internationally active leader of public health in the mid-20thcentury. His contribution to global public health work, however, was shaped by his early career of experimental accomplishments in China in the 1920s-1930s. In light of current debate on efficient delivery of health care, recent scholarship demonstrates the valuable relevance of Grant's ideas to present public health issues and concerns.