• Description

The disastrous defeats suffered in the Second Balkan War (June 29, 1913-August 10, 1913), and especially, in the First World War, left Bulgaria with a series of unresolved social, political, and economic issues. In the aftermath of WW I and following, the abdication of King Ferdinand I in favor of his son Boris III, the failed process of national unification, combined with the harsh requirements established by the Neuilly-sur-Seine peace treaty, in November 1919, produced a traumatic impact on a country that was experiencing a crucial soul-searching moment in its history. Amid growing social discontent, the political election held in 1919 sanctioned the triumph of the parties that had firmly opposed Bulgaria's entry into WW I on the Central Powers side: the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union (BANU) and the Bulgarian Communist Party.