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The AIA and Public-Private Collaborations in Response to the 1950 Cusco EarthquakeMarch 27, 2023
This report provides an overview of my research at the Rockefeller Archive Center on the role of the American International Association for Economic and Social Development (AIA) in the aftermath of the 1950 earthquake in Cusco, Peru. More specifically, the United Nations contracted AIA director Robert "Pete" Hudgens to lead a mission to evaluate Cusco and make recommendations about its reconstruction and long-term development. The report was extensive and included detailed recommendations about the broader rural area, in addition to the city of Cusco. I hoped to learn more about that collaboration and how it fit into the AIA's mission. Archival materials from Nelson A. Rockefeller's personal papers and the Rockefeller Family Public Relations Department papers revealed a complex web of public-private negotiations over who would fund and administer Cusco's development plan. And yet, many of the plans never came to fruition, raising questions about the extent to which these collaborations benefited most Peruvians.
The Rockefeller Foundation and Agriculture in PeruJanuary 1, 2002
In January 2002 I visited the Rockefeller Archive Center for the second time. Two years previously, I conducted doctoral research there having spent eighteen months doing anthropological research on agricultural development and indigenous knowledge in the Southern Peruvian highlands. The latest trip was intended to gather more data for a book on Peruvian rural development, highland culture, and power. Rockefeller Foundation (RF) involvement in Latin America comprises part of the historical section for this work, which is mainly concerned with the contemporary plethora of agricultural development non-governmental organizations in the Andean region, and their, impacts upon indigenous populations. The development models deployed by these NGOs are generally derivatives of the "green revolution" which can be traced further back to U.S. philanthropy in Latin America. Mine was a successful visit, finding much information that had been missed the first time. I would like to extend my gratitude to the Center in general for its generous support, and to all the staff there who helped me out. This report is a story of the RF's agricultural and scientific undertakings in Latin America, particularly Peru, in the postwar period.
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