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Paul Monroe was a pioneering leader of international and comparative education. His greatest contribution to comparative education came from his leadership of the International Institute of Teachers College during 1923-1938, where he led and practiced the teaching and research on comparative education with dynamic international outreach and engagement in investigation of educational systems and conditions of many countries. Monroe played a key role in shaping the development of comparative education as an academic field during its formative years. He and his colleagues trained the first generation of comparative educators in North America and elsewhere. Paul Monroe was also significantly involved in the modernization of education in countries of Asia and the Middle East, when the influence of the United States expanded in these regions primarily via the work of private institutions in the first half of the 20th century.
One day in the summer of 2005, I was searching books on the subject of public health at the National Library in Beijing. The only author who popped up on the computer screen was John B. Grant. I was disappointed to find that few American libraries contain Grant's writings on public health. Grant was an internationally active leader of public health in the mid-20thcentury. His contribution to global public health work, however, was shaped by his early career of experimental accomplishments in China in the 1920s-1930s. In light of current debate on efficient delivery of health care, recent scholarship demonstrates the valuable relevance of Grant's ideas to present public health issues and concerns.
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