Rockefeller Archive Center

Rockefeller Archive Center Research Reports are created by recipients of research travel stipends and by many others who have conducted research at the RAC. The reports demonstrate the breadth of the RAC's archival holdings, particularly in the study of philanthropy and its effects. Read more about the history of philanthropy at Also, see the RAC Bibliography of Scholarship, a comprehensive online database of publications citing RAC archival collections.
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Rockefeller Foundation and China's Wartime Nursing, 1937-1945

January 1, 2009

I visited the Rockefeller Archive Center twice, in March and May 2009, as part of my doctoral research on Chinese women's relief efforts during the War of Resistance, 1937-45. I became interested in the collection at the RAC because of its potential in shedding light on major nursing personnel and nursing training programs during the war years in China. The history of the administrative and institutional growth of the Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) has received academic attention both in China and in the U.S., but very little has been written exclusively on the School of Nursing and its graduates. The Rockefeller Foundation and its major investment in China, the PUMC, played a most crucial role in developing modern nursing in the first half of the twentieth century. Many PUMC graduates played leading roles on both sides of the Taiwan straits. This research report, however, will 2 only investigate major PUMC nursing graduates and their medical adventures in southwest China during the War of Resistance, a relatively short period in history but a profound epoch in modern China.

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