Shaping the Debate and Setting Standards: Foundation Philanthropy and Reforming Child Welfare, 1909-1940

by Elise Hagesfeld

Jan 1, 2011
The American approach to children and families in crises is decentralized, disorganized, and difficult to navigate. It involves complex interactions between federal agencies, state governments, which interpret federal mandates, administrative agencies, like state and county departments of Children and Family Services, the juvenile and criminal courts, and numerous nonprofit service providers. All of these actors influence the system in different ways, but from the viewpoint of the child, the system is most commonly represented by the individuals providing direct services to him or her from a contracted child welfare agency.
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