Scientific Agriculture Across Borders: The Rockefeller Foundation and Collaboration between Mexico and the U.S. in Corn Breeding

by Karin Matchett

Jan 1, 2001
This project focuses on the development of scientific agriculture in Mexico during the 1930s to the 1960s; specifically, research done on corn by Mexican and U.S. scientists. The Rockefeller Archive Center's collections give a rich and detailed picture of the long process from the initiation of the Office of Special Studies in 1941-1943 by the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), through the development of a thriving research program in the Mexican national context during the 1940s and 1950s, to the cessation of direct involvement in Mexican research and an international focus in Rockefeller Foundationsponsored agricultural research. While it may seem odd to distinguish among the different crop plants, differences in the histories of research on the various staple grains in the twentieth century are striking. Any sort of "green revolution" with corn was very different than that with wheat, particularly in Mexico, a center of great diversity and long history of the corn plant.
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