Rockefeller Philanthropy and Maternal/Infant Health in the Republic of China

by Joshua Hubbard

Jan 1, 2015
The Rockefeller-founded China Medical Board and the Rockefeller Foundation's International Health Commission/Board/Division (hereafter, IHC/B/D) maintained operations in China from the early to mid-twentieth century. These efforts developed in close relation to Rockefeller-funded endeavors elsewhere in the world, though they soon adopted emphases and methods to address the particularities of the Chinese case. Although initially hindered by a highly volatile and violent political environment, by 1930, these Rockefeller-affiliated health philanthropies forged an enduring partnership with the Kuomintang (KMT or Chinese Nationalist Party)-led government founded in 1927. Given China's climate, prevalent maladies, and gendered norms surrounding childbirth, the interests of these parties converged on maternal and infant health as a matter of utmost concern for public health and national development.
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