Planning Through the Private Sphere and the Transformation of Reform in Early Twentieth Century America

by Geoffrey Guy

Jan 1, 2010
The Rockefeller Foundation (RF) determined in the early 1920s that development of a program in housing reform was an appropriate field of activity, yet over the next two decades, it would repeatedly lament its failure to develop such a program. The RF's home city of New York occupied the national vanguard in housing reform, containing a dense network of organizations with a tradition of reform dating at least to the 1850s. While not always directly participating in groups such as the Association to Improve the Condition of the Poor, the Committee on the Congestion of Population, the Bureau of Municipal Research, the National Housing Association, committees on zoning, and others, RF officials remained part of the social world defined by organizations such as these. So it is probably natural that they wished to participate in this collective project, as an emblem of belonging to the reform community.
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