A Full Round of Life for All: Transforming New East Relief into the Near East Foundation

by Michael Limberg

Jan 1, 2013
The Near East Foundation (NEF) declared in 1934 that it aimed to achieve a "full round of life for all" through its work in the Near East. A report explained that a full life included "health and hygiene for individual and community, economic security through effective agriculture and industry, happy homes with rights and opportunities for childhood and womanhood, the brotherhood and co-operation of national and racial and religious groups, and above all the fullness of culture and spiritual faith." These goals reflected NEF's hopes for a full social transformation in the Middle East, and show the growing influence of development ideology on its leadership. They also reflected major changes in NEF's goals from its origins as a relief organization.
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