The Population Council, the first "global player" in the field of population, was founded in 1952 and is still, in the year of 2001, in operation. Within these nearly 50 years, its view of the problems of population, the strategies to address them, and its perception of the respective results have changed several times, in significant ways. In the following pages I trace these changes from the founding of the Population Council to the early 1970s. I am not aiming at a chronological history of the Population Council; rather, I will try to characterize what I perceive as distinct phases of its history, each differing in how "population problem" is perceived, in what is seen as possible for an organization like the Population Council in addressing the "problem," as well as in the strategies and policies current in the U.S. and abroad.
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