American Private Foundations and Reinforcement of Democracy in the Cold War Europe, 1945-1968: Rockefeller Foundation as the Case Study

by Renata Nowaczewska

Jan 1, 2012
My study examines the role of the Rockefeller Foundation (RF) in the processes of delivering democratic values, enhancing democratic behavior, reeducating societies in democratic processes and conduct, and promoting free exchanges of ideas and scholarly pursuits in Europe during the initial period of the Cold War. At the same time, I wanted to find out if there were any existing relations between the RF and the U.S. government in the broadly defined goal of promoting democratic actions in the countries of Western and Eastern Europe. My intention was also to assess the function that select American universities performed in establishing networks of scientific cooperation with institutions and research centers in Western and Eastern Europe that received RF funding. The democratic values were to be reinforced within the nations that suffered from totalitarian regimes, that needed reeducation and reestablishment of civic behavior, freedom of intellectual exchanges, and a willingness for peaceful cooperation.
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